In 1961 Cart registered his pottery under the name 'La Poterie d'Annecy' and, two years later, as '
1963 is, therefore, the earliest date when it can be established that lava glazes were made by Le Cyclope in Annecy; four years before 'Capri', the earliest documented lava glaze made by Marei , in an ad dated 1967.
An ornamental soup terrine surrounded by pichers, a 'cruche' (traditional water jug, on thr right), a sauce boat and two vases. The two yellow vases on the left were yhe only item thrown in house; the others were bought in as blanks.
The works produced by 'Le Cyclope' are of two kinds:
1. Original hand-thrown forms, made in the workshop by an assistant.
One signature vase, produced in different sizes and glazes, was hand-thrown like a flower pot, then pressed and pinched on either sides (from base to neck), to produce a more dynamic form.
Vase. c. 1960. Earthenware. Hand-thrown and shaped. Decorated with 'Emaux des Glaciers'.*
Cart's own designs tended to be hand-thrown, then reshaped to deviate from conventional vases.
2. Bought-in blanks of traditional domestic cooking pots, pichers, jugs, bowls, etc.
(see group photo above)
Both kinds were decorated with Cart's idiosyncratic lava glazes; with various melting/dripping and crater effects.
FRAGILE: The down side about these works is that the clay tends to chip easily. It is fortunate that the pots were not intended to be frequently handled or washed; for many have survived with chips or cracks.
Cart 's outlandish glazes can make some German 'fat lava' look tame in comparison:
Close up view of a serving dish
The contrast between the design of the large traditional soup terrine and the outlandish 'émaux des glaciers' lava glaze confer upon the work a post-modern feel; accentuated by the large size of the object:
The overall conventional range of forms used by Cart, suggests that the works were destined for a popular market. The contrast between traditional form and iconoclastic glaze seems to have appealed to a wide public not necessarily au fait with 'modern art'.
Among the in-house, hand-thrown vases, this free form vase (illustrated below) was decorated in the less common 'Terre de feu' glaze:
Cyclope ceramics were widely sold outside Annecy and the region. Cart, thus, used different paper labels suggesting they had been made in the location where they were sold. One label reads 'écume de mer', to capitalize on the popularity of the Vallauris glaze of that name!
The label 'Émaux des Pyrénées. Fait Main. M. Déposé' on a picher decorated with a characteristic 'Emaux des Garrigues' glaze, bought near Perpignan, was either added by Cart — or by the shop owner — to help his ware sell to tourists visiting Pyrénées Orientales, who wished to take home a 'souvenir' from the region.
(to be continued)