The opportunity to see traditional Japanese stoneware at the 1867 Paris exhibition broadened the field of European ceramics: for artists, collectors and potters. The Goncourt brothers, who collected Japanese stoneware and contemporary French works, became the advocates of the new ceramic aesthetics represented in France by Deck, Carriès, Chaplet, Dalpayrat, Delaherche and others.
By the time of the 1900 Paris Exhibition, and the stoneware renaissance it showcased, Jean Carriès had moved to Saint-Amand-en-Puisaye, where, with the assistance of local potters and the interest of a group of followers, he extended his experiments with free flowing glazes on stoneware and contributed to the revival of the old pottery town of Saint Amand in Puisaye:
Following Dalpayrat's death in 1905, decoration continued to prevail, through the Art Nouveau style; then, through the new fashionable forms of Art Déco.
In a German lithograph from 1905, showing art ceramics from the late 19th century, Dalpayrat's work is represented with a vase decorated with a typical Art Nouveau design.
It is interesting to note that out of sixteen illustrated works, only three (by Massier, Bigot and Dalpayrat) were not decorated with figurative motifs.
LOUIS DAGE: A PROPHETIC MASTERPIECE?
A large blue and yellow bowl by Louis Dage * (1878 -1963), from the 1920’s, departs, in its decoration, from the stylised flowers and geometric Art Déco motifs Dage applied to most of his ceramics.
The simple line of the bowl [simpler and more modern than the similar form nº 401 from Grès de Pierrefonds] stands in stark contrast with the emphatic motifs applied to ceramics of that period, sometimes with the addition of bronze ornaments:
Louis Dage, Bowl. Earthenware. c. 1925. Ø: 31.5 cm.*
Whereas the blue and white glaze prefigures the flow (if not the texture) of the 'écume de mer' glaze that was developed in Vallauris during the 50s and 60s, the yellow glaze anticipates the 'craquelé' glazes that were produced in Vallauris and by the two German firms Jopeko (series '1003') and Jasba ('Cortina'), half a century later.
Let's note that the Art Nouveau style lasted well into the 20s, as can be verified in the stoneware works produced by Grès de Pierefonds, Poterie de la Montagne (at St Honoré), Denbac and others.